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Jagadis Chandra Bose

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ANTENTOP- 02- 2003, # 003

Jagadis Chandra Bose



Figure 4(c): A complete setup showing the transmitting antenna at the left, with the receiving antenna at right. Note the adjustment screw on top of the receiving antenna, which is used to adjust the pressure of the point-contact detector (see Fig. 5). In the center is a rotating table (the "spectrometer circle" of Figure 2) on which various microwave components (prisms, lenses, grids, polarizers etc.) may be mounted for study. A dual-prism attenuator (see below) is shown in this photograph. The arrangement as shown is not yet properly aligned.

Figure 5 shows two of Bose's point contact detectors. In use, the detector would be placed inside an overmoded waveguide receiving antenna, very much like the transmitting antenna shown in Figure 4, and with a matching polarizing grid.

Bose measured the I-V characteristics of his junctions; an example characteristic curve of a "Single Point Iron Receiver" is shown in Figure 6. The junction consisted of a sharp point of iron, pressing against an iron surface, with pressure capable of fine adjustment. The different curves in Figure 6 correspond to different contact pressures. Bose noted that the junction does not obey Ohm's law, and that there is a knee in the curve at approximately 0.45 volts; the junction becomes most effective at detection of short wavelength radiation when the corresponding bias voltage is applied. He made further measurements on a variety of junctions made of different materials, classifying the different materials into positive or


Figure 5. Two of Bose's point contact detectors, removed from the receiving antennas.

negative classes of substance. In one experiment he noted that increasing the applied voltage to the junction actually decreased the resulting current, implying a negative dynamic resistance [15].


Another of Bose's short-wavelength detectors is the spiral-spring receiver. A sketch of a receiver used for 5-mm radiation is shown in Figure 7; the spring pressure could be adjusted very finely in order to attain


optimum sensitivity. The sensitive surface of the 5-mm receiver was 1 by 2 cm. The device has been described recently [3] as a "space-irradiated multi-contact semiconductor (using the natural oxide of the springs)." A surviving, somewhat larger, spiral spring receiver is shown in the photograph Figure 8. The springs are held in place by a sheet of glass, seen to be partly broken in this example.

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