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ANTENTOP- 01- 2009, # 011

Small Sized Helical Antennas




Figure 2

B. DD of the Dipole Small Sized Helical Antenna


At the test the Dipole Small Sized Helical Antenna was installed on the top of a- 5-meters mast. The antenna was fed by usual two- wire main cord. It was discovered, that the antenna has strong radiation directivity. Signals from receiving station almost disappeared when the antenna was turned around. The helical antenna loses 1- point at RS compare to Traveling-Wave Antenna pointed to correspondent.

Note I.G.: At the article there is not explained what the Traveling-Wave Antenna is.


Figure 3 shows the design of the Vertical Small Sized Helical Antenna coiled by copper cord. The cord had 2.5- mm OD. Like a dielectric form for the antenna it was used a rod in length of 1.5- meters. The rod had the square- cross- section with side 3- cm. Antenna had 200 coils. Distance between coils was 7.5- mm.

Figure 3

A. Design of the Vertical Small Sized Helical Antenna on a square rod



At the test the antenna (Fig.3) was installed at 4.0- meters mast. Antenna was fed by 500- Ohm two- wire symmetrical line. At the antenna terminal one wire of the line was connected to the helical antenna, second wire was lived free. At the transmitter terminal one wire was connected to "Antenna" second one to the "Ground." Antenna was tested at 20- meters with success.



Practice shows that it is wise to use a square rod for a helical antenna because coils sitting well at the form. Diameter/side of the square should be 1/50- 1/200 from the length of the Helical Antenna. Wires should be protected from atmospheric by strong paint. Wire for winding a helical should be have large diameter as possible but coils of helical should not short to each other.


Current distribution on the antenna may be found with the help of neon bulb. After that the tuning of the antenna was made by the current (checked by antenna milli- ampere- meter) going to the antenna.


Table 1 shows data for the Helical antenna for 20-40-80-160 meters. The antennas were made on a square rod with size 3- cm by wire in 2.5- mm OD. Gap between turns was 7.5- mm.



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February 2, 2020 20:47

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