BOSE RESEARCH INSTITUTE
Apart from his scientific
inventions, Dr. J. C. Bose laid the foundation of Bose Bigyan
Mandir, which is popularly known as Bose Research Institute. It
was the first laboratory founded and funded fully by an Indian,
in India. He spent about Rs. 5,00,000,
the entire savings of his lifetime, to build and equip the Institute.
He dedicated the Institute to the nation for the progress of science
on November 30, 1917, his 60th birth anniversary. While inaugurating
the Institute he said, "This is not a laboratory but a temple".
Bose knew the importance of a well- equipped research center in
India and wanted that every Indian should be full of enthusiasm
to put India on the fast track of the scientific world.
His main aim behind the foundation of the Institute was to “wring
out from nature some of her most jealously guarded secrets".
in this Temple for 20 years, till his death. He stuck to the belief
derived from his parents :"We should
not depend on others to do our work, we ourselves must do our
work, but before we can do this we must get over our pride".
The Bose Research Institute, the fulfilled dream of Dr. J.C. Bose,
is presently working as a full-fledged research center in Calcutta.
Much of the original equipments used by Bose during the research
work as well as his ashes are enshrined at the Institute.
ON J. C. BOSE
"J. C. Bose was at least 60 years ahead of his time…. In
fact, he had anticipated the existence of P-type and N - type
- Sir Neville Mott
[Noble Laureate, 1977]
"By your discoveries you have greatly furthered the cause
of Science. You must try to revive the grand traditions of your
race, which bore aloft the torch light of art and science and
was the leader of civilization two thousand years ago. We, in
France applaud you."
- M. Cornu
[President of the Academy of Science, Paris]
"Simply stated, it is the position of the old Rishis of India,
of whom he is increasingly recognized by his countrymen as a renewed
type, and whose best teaching was ever open to all willing to
- Patrick Geddes
[Close friend of J.C. Bose, on Bose’s anti-patent position]
Nearly 100 years after Guglielmo Marconi's first transatlantic wireless
communication, a group of scientists of the US-based Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers
(IEEE) reported that -"the origin and first major use of
the solid state diode detector devices led to the discovery that
the first transatlantic wireless signal in Marconi's world famous
experiment was received by Marconi using the iron-mercury-iron
coherer with a telephone detector invented by Sir J.C.Bose in
of the "mercury
coherer with a telephone" which Marconi used
was published in the Proceedings
of the Royal Society, London, on April 27, 1899,
over two years before Marconi's first wireless communication on
December 12, 1901, from New Foundland,
now in Canada.
Investigations by the IEE group show that both
Marconi were in London in 1896-97. The Italian
was conducting wireless experiments for the British post office
and Bose was on a lecture tour. Both
the scientists were interviewed by McClure's Magazine (now defunct)
in March 1897.
In the interview,
Bose came out with high praise for Marconi,
under attack from established British scientists who doubted his
credentials. Marconi never could make it to college because of
his poor high school record. Bose also said he was not interested
in commercial telegraphy and that others could use his research
In 1899, Bose
unveiled his invention of the mercury coherer with the telephone
detector in a paper at the Royal Society.
Brilliant Marconi quickly grasped the commercial importance of
Bose's invention and began to explore it secretly. His childhood
friend Luigi Solari started experimentally with Bose's invention
and presented Marconi with a slightly modified design in the summer
of 1901 for use in the upcoming transatlantic experiment.